Borrowby Cross

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The cross in the centre of Borrowby is of medieval origin.

Borrowby Cross

The village is built at the junction of four roads and was once split between two wapentakes, Allerton and Birdforth. The portions which belonged to Birdforth were known as the Gueldable.

The English Heritage listing describes it very briefly as Ashlar. 3-step podium; plinth; short shaft; blocking course with rounded stone cross above.

Borrowby Cross

Hawsker Cross

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Hawsker Cross is thought to date from the 10th century, when a church or chapel may have stood on this site, it is missing the original cross-head.


My snapshot doesn’t do the carvings justice, but they have further worn since these drawing were made about a century ago.

Hawsker YAJ21WG Collingwood
Anglian & Anglo-Danish Sculpture in the East Riding with addenda to the North Riding. W.G. Collingwood. Yorkshire Archaeological Journal Vol. 21 1911. Yorkshire Archaeological Society. Leeds

The patterns are said to show strong Scandinavian influences, which would have arrived with the Danes/Vikings in Whitby after 867.

Coleville Manuscript – Redcar

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Written in 1865 by Frederick Colvile, The Coleville Manuscript is a sketchbook come 19th Century journal of a trip around the coast and pastures of Redcar & Cleveland. The book held by Teesside Archives forms the root of an upcoming exhibition for Tees Valley Arts at their new gallery space in Redcar, The Redcar Palace.

Never seen by the public before, the archival document details first hand, leisure and labour in Redcar and includes over 90 illustrations detailing the traditions of foying, selling fish, donkey rides and seawater bathing. The Redcar Palace will play host to the loaned manuscript presented alongside artworks responding to Coleville’s observations as a holiday maker visiting the town. Featured artists and newly commissioned works include; oil pastel sketches by Redcar based Ross Lombardy. A collaboration between Redcar fishing family born writer Carmen Marcus and Saltburn by the Sea photographer Kev Howard. As well as, Whitby based ceramicist Aphra O’Connor’s reinterpretation of the seaside, amongst many

Opening on October 15th at The Redcar Palace, in partnership with Teesside Archives, it will be the first time the book has been in Redcar since it was written over 150 years ago.

John Booth died September 5th 1853

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On a remote part of Wheeldale Moor is the following plaque :-

In memory of John Booth who died on this spot September 5th 1853. Aged 84. He was gamekeeper to Richard Hill Esq. of Thornton for 56 years.

John Booth 1853

Even with such a precise death date I can find no census records for him.

John Booth 1853

Richard Hill of Thornton Hall died himself just 2 years later.

Leake Church, Mass Dials

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Leake church now stands alone by the A19, it once served the now deserted Medieval village of Leake; it now serves the two villages of Borrowby and Knayton.

Mass dials are a type of medieval sundial found on churches, they were used to show the time of services held during the day before the advent of clocks and watches.

Leake Church, Mass dials

They are also known as Scratch dials because many are scratched into the stone. The hole in the centre held a rod that cast a shadow, known as a gnomon.

Leake Church, Mass dial

Turton Cottages Blacksmith – Roxby

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The wonderful doorway arch shaped like horseshoe can only be a Blacksmiths, built in 1858 as the inscription tells us and still used for that purpose into the 1960’s

Turton Cottages - Roxby

John Turton was a physician to ‘mad’ George III, he bought the manor of Roxby but died in without children, the estate passed to the youngest son of Rev William Peters (chaplain to the Prince Regent) who assumed the Turton name and coat of arms.

Warren Moor 2021

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When I first posted photos of Warren Moor back in 2008 it was a very risky place to visit, with two unprotected mine shafts. As part of the Heritage Lottery funded Land of Iron project, the area has been made much more friendly to visitors.

Warren Moor
View of the upcast shaft from the new cover
Warren Moor
Different water level in the other unconnected downcast shaft.
Warren Moor
Pumping House now gated off for safety.