More Redcar Windmills

Peter Morgan replied to my previous about The Three Windmills of Redcar with the following notes that I felt needed their own post. I also recently found the graves of two members of the Coulson family at Kirkleatham.

Major source of data is from John Harrison’s book “Eight Centuries of Milling in North East Yorkshire” A monumental work which is the definitive authority on mills throughout the area.

KIRKLEATHAM MILL Post Mill on fields above Yearby village. In 1340 a wind mill at Kirkleatham valued at £4 per annum. Shown in engraving of 1700.

COATHAM (WEST) – Post mill near TODDS POINT – This was the Medieval Mill. Ruinous in 1340 & 1367.It was either rebuilt or replaced as in 1535 Prior was receiving £20-14s. “from Cottum with wind mill there”.
Worth £2 in 1613 – ex-Monastic lands. Guisborough 1540.
References in gift of Salt Pans to Guisborough Priory by Wiliam de Tockotes.
Shown on estate plans etc.
1347 – Reference in CHANCERY ROLLS relating to complaint that the “miller of West Cothm” with others had taken timber washed ashore which was rightfully the property of the Lord of Mulgrave.

COATHAM (MARSH HOUSE) TOWER MILL with granaries – built before 1740 burnt down 1815.
Coatham was a port – the Turner family were exporting flour to Newcastle & London.

S28 (from Peter Verrill’s “Old Recar” Preasentation)

COATHAM WINDMILL (West Coatham) Pre. 1832.
It stood behind the Primitive Methodist Church, Station rd, near the junction of Station & Coatham rd.
The precise age of the windmill is unknown but it is certain that it was in existence before 1840. Originally it was fitted with a huge pair of sails, and in conjunction with Redcar mill it served a very large area of Cleveland.
In the later half of the 19th cent the sails of the mill were taken down, the building fell into disuse & the upper storeys became a refuge for pigeons.
Later the structure became incorporated with the adjoining church buildings & the tower was used as an observatory by one of the ministers, Mr. Franks, who was an amateur astronomer.
During World War 1, the government made use of the tower as an observation post & built an additional room on top for this purpose.
When the local Methodists built the church, it was designed round the windmill, with the chapel upstairs & shops on the ground floor. Eventually it became the dole office. The chapel shops and the remains of the windmill were demolished in 1964 when the United Reform Church Hall was built. A small part of the windmill was retained & built into the walls of the new buildings.

NEWSPAPER REFERENCES:-
1806 January 4th NEWCASTLE COURANT

COATHAM MILL and GRANARIES, below Stockton, situated at the mouth of the River Tees, where vessels may load and unload at all seasons of the year.
JAMES DAVISON respectfully acquaints His Friends and the Public, that he house entered on to the above premises, where he intends carrying on the Flour and Meal business in all its branches, and flatters himself, but by his unremitting attention, he shall be able to supply with the best qualities, and on the most reasonable terms.
Choir is miners themselves all kind of grain, bacon, butter, cheese &c. on commission. Orders will be punctually attended to, and ever gratefully acknowledge – 13th December 1805.

1825 November 5th THE YORK HERALD
THE REDCAR LIFEBOAT, in the year 1822, was found in so dilapidated a state, that it was thought necessary for her to undergo a thorough repair; and under the inspection of Mr Charles Tenant, she was completely repaired and made seaworthy, and was afterwards resigned into the hands of Mr Thomas King, of Kirkleatham, as acting manager, under a Committee of the principal gentleman of Cleveland, who now think it his duty to lay before the committee and subscribers at large, a true statement of the Receipts and Disbursements since he has had the management of the above boat.
Amongst the following list is:- Mr Robert Coulson, Coatham Mill.

1843 March 1st CLEVELAND REPORTER
DEATHS:- On Thursday the 9th ult, aged 14, William, the youngest son of Robert Coulson, of Coatham Mill.

1865 January 16th THE LEEDS MERCURY
TO MILLERS.- Wanted immediately and experienced MILLER as Foreman. The particulars apply to Mr Robert Coulson, Coatham Windmill, Redcar, Yorkshire.

1868 December 5th THE YORK HERALD

TO BE LET, With Immediate Possession, all that CORN WIND MILL, with DWELLING – HOUSE, GRANARY, STABLE, CART HOUSE, and other outbuildings situated within a few yards of Redcar Railway Station, in the County of York, where an extensive business has been carried on the for upwards of 40 years by the late MR ROBERT COULSON.
For particulars, apply to Mr Coulson, Coatham Mill, Redcar.

1869 September 4th THE YORK HERALD
DISTRICT NEWS – POLICE-COURT…….. -Henry Holmes, occupier of the mill at Coatham, was summoned by Robert Coulson, his landlord, for an assault on Saturday night. It appears that there had been some difference of opinion between the parties as to the state of defendants premises, and a person named Tomlinson was called in to inspect the drains. Mr Holmes afterwards invited Tomlinson to inspect his house, and ordered the complainant to keep out of the door. Mr Coulson persisted in following them upstairs, and in the attempts of defendants to prevent him, the assault was committed. The Bench dismissed the case. A “scrimmage” ensued between the parties for possession of a paper in the hands of Mr Lloyd who appeared for the complainant, and resulted in the lease being torn in two. Defendant afterwards apologised for his conduct, and was remitted, with his son, to the custody of the police until the business of the court was ended

1873 January 24th Accreditation “The Redcar & Saltburn News”.
– Accident at COATHAM MILL On Monday morning last a little boy, 2 ½ years of age, son of Mr. Dowson, miller, went up into the mill to call his father to dinner, As he did not return as was expected an elder brother went to look for him, and found him frightfully injured. It would appear that the child had been playing with a stick, and lost it in the “hopper,” and in trying to get it he was pulled into the machinery and was found with his thigh and knee joint broken. Dr. Bennett was in prompt attendance, and found the child in great suffering from the shock as well as from the injuries he had sustained, On Wednesday the child was sufficiently recovered to enable him to be removed, when he was sent to the Cottage Hospital, North Ormesby

1876 December 18th NORTHERN ECHO
WANTED a respectable GENERAL SERVANT.
– Apply to Mrs Dowson, Coatham mill, Redcar.

S29 (from Peter Verrill’s “Old Recar” Presentation ) REDCAR WINDMILL
Described as newly erected when advertised to be sold in 1838
This 6 sailed windmill consisted of 7 floors with associated granary & drying kiln, a large house & stables, a walled garden & 3 acres of rich grassland.
For a time in the 1830’s the mill was owned by Stephen Coulson, whose brother Robert owned Coatham mill.
a small portion of sandstone wall adjacent to 194 High street is all that remains of Redcar mill granary

NEWSPAPER REFERENCES:-

1834 February 9th THE EXAMINER
BRITISH COLLEGE of HEALTH, NEW ROAD, KING’S CROSS, LONDON.
DISPERSION OF A LARGE TUMOUR UNDER LEFT ARM.
TO MESSRS. MORRIS AND MOAT. Gentleman -on serving in 2 late numbers of the ” New Weekly Dispatch” 2 or 3 scurrilous letters directed against the British College Of Health, and the Universal Medicines, I feel it a duty incumbent on me to declare to the world that those medicines (which Dr Badcock, Medicus, and I.F.C. has been pleased to announce as dangerous, and not possessing the qualities ascribed to them by the proprietors) have totally dispersed a large hard tumour under my left jaw, of 30 years standing, after having had the advice of many (thought to be) eminent M.D.’s of the old school, to no good purpose …………………………………………….(another 50 lines!) …………………..
wishing you prosperity, and the enjoyment of a long life, for your philanthropic endeavours to reform the medical art,
I am, Gentlemen, your very sincerely, STEPHEN COULSON, Redcar Mill, Yorkshire, December 22, 1833

1838 June 16th YORK HERALD
REDCAR. ELIGIBLE INVESTMENT.
TO be SOLD by AUCTION, on TUESDAY the 19th day of June 1838, at 3 o’clock in the afternoon, at the house of Mr MARSH, the Cock Inn, in Guisbrough, (Mr WILLIAM SANDERS, Auctioneer,)
all that newly erected and excellent WIND CORN MILL, containing 7 floors, 3 pairs of French stones, one cylinder, Bolting Mill, and although the requisite machinery of the most modern construction, together with the newly built capacious Granary, and Drying Kiln attached and communicating therewith. The Granary is capable of containing 100 Lasts of Wheat.
Also, all that recently built MESSUAGE or DWELLING HOUSE, adjoining to the mill and premises, containing, on the ground floor, a Dining Room and 3 Lodging Rooms; in the Attics, 2 Servants’ Lodgings Rooms, lighted by tilted windows; attached to the premises are a Coach House and Stables, and an excellent Walled Garden.
And also, all that CLOSE, or PARCEL of rich GRASSLAND, lying immediately behind and to the south of the above premises, containing 3 acres, or thereabouts.
The Mill being situate in the most productive agricultural part of Cleveland, is well adapted for carrying on an extensive business, and goods may be conveniently shipped on the coast, at a slight expense.
The whole of the property is Freehold, and is situate in the Parish of Kirkleatham, in the County of York. There is a most extensive and and uninterrupted sea view from the Dwelling House, which, on its contiguity to the fashionable Bathing Place of Redcar, commands respectable Lodgers during the Season. A Right of Common on Coatham Green belongs to the Property.
MR COULSON, the Owner and Occupier, will show the premises; and further particulars may be known on application to Mr HARTAS, of Danby; Mr DIXON, of Guisbrough; or at the office of PALMER, WHETHERILL, and JACKSON, Guisbrough and Stokesley.
N.B. £1000 may remain as security of the Premises, if required.

1870 April 22nd NORTHERN ECHO
TO MILLERS – VALUABLE WIND CORN MILL TO LET AT REDCAR.-
The mill is 6 stories high, averaging 8 feet each, strikes the cloth, turns to the wind by a fan, and contains 2 pairs of excellent French millstones, one machine for dressing flour, and a new Corn Screen. Attached to the mill is a dwelling-house, containing 5 rooms, with every other convenience, and out offices. Maybe entered partner at Mayday next. — For further particulars apply to Mr HENRY HARRISON, the owner, Redcar; or to Mr JOHN COULSON, Cleveland Hotel, Coatham. Redcar, April 20, 1870.

Ironmaking History in Manhole Covers and Grates

The continuing lockdown has allowed me to walk the streets of Redcar in more detail than ever before. Whilst there are many modern replacements, the story of our areas ironmaking past is still all around us.

Redcar Manhole
Borough of Redcar, Anderston Foundary, Middlesbrough
Redcar Grate
Borough of Redcar, Anderston Foundry, Middlesbrough, 1934

I have previously described the two Anderston Foundry example immediately outside my house. Manufactured in Port Clarence at the far end of the Transporter.

IMG_20200402_140813156_HDR
W. Richards & Sons Middlesbrough

W. Richard and Sons were based at the Britannia Foundry, North Ormesby Road.

Pease and Partners, MIddlesbrough
Pease and Partners

This Pease and Partners cover is likely to have originated somewhere in the Tees Iron Works site at Cargo Fleet.

Zetland Foundry, Loftus
Zetland Foundry, Loftus

The Zetland Foundry at Loftus despite its small size is still in existence today !

This final one is still confusing me, it appears to say Robinson and Bradley, Middlesbrough. But I can’t find any references to that company and its got the same logo as the one I assumed at the beginning to be Anderston Foundry !

Back to the drawing board perhaps ?

Robinson and Bradley, Middlesbrough

Redcar Mayors

A question was asked on the Redcar Memories group about a list of Mayors, I have pulled this together from Janet Cockrofts book which covered until 1968, Redcar.org and Evening Gazette reports.

I have tried to source photos of as many of the Mayors as possible, any mistakes are my own and I would welcome any missing photos or corrections.

YearMayor
1922 – 1968 Mayor of Redcar
1922Benjamin Owen Davies
1923Benjamin Owen Davies
1924Benjamin Owen Davies
1925William Wardman
1926Walter Sacker Hill 
1927Walter Sacker Hill 
1928William Metcalf
1929William Metcalf
1930John Emmerson Batty
1931Isabel Lonsdale
1932William Charlton
1933William Morris
1934William Morris
1935John William Farren
1936John Robert Nixon
1937David Roddie Semple
1938Richard Spellman 
1939Joseph Coupland
1940Charlie Harris
1941William Arthur Place 
1942George Cruddas 
1943Albert Walker Chaplin
1944James Thomas Fletcher 
1945John Spurr Dixon 
1946Robert James Gillingham
1947Sydney George Shillito
1949Fred Laidley Wilson 
1950James William Coles 
1951Thomas Alexander Dougall 
1952Robert Hodgart Cowie
1953William Atkinson 
1954Reginald Kistler 
1954George Fall Andrew 
1955Edward Bradburn 
1956Charles Rand
1957Stanley Linford
1958Ronald Hall 
1959Henry Armstrong Darling
1960George William Thorne
1961Philip Harvey
1962Albert William Kidd
1963Stanley Brotton
1964Joseph Coupland
1965Gordon Timperley Thornton
1966Lancelot Harold Barker
1967Hannah Cunningham 
1968 – 1974 Mayor of Teesside
1968John Appleby Brown 
1969Frederick Talbot Webster
1970Gordon Timperley Thornton
1971Ronald Hall
1972Maurice Sutherland
1973Leonard Poole
1974W Hodgson
1974 – 1988 Mayor of Langbaugh
1975J Morgan
1976Jack S Dyball
1977Leonard A Douglass
1978Pat J Zoryk
1979Ivy M Cole
1980Terry Collins
1981Norman Lantsbery
1982William Herlingshaw
1983Ron Jones
1984Steve Kay
1985Arthur S Seed
1986Les Morgan
1987Neil L Loughran
1988 – 1996 Mayor of Langbaurgh-on-Tees
1988D.W. Lane
1989Doug Moore
1990Beatrice S Lythgoe
1991Arthur F Harvison.
1992Brenda Forster
1993Vince Teasdale
1994Sam Tombe
1995Peter Todd
1996 – present : Mayor of Redcar and Cleveland
1996Frances E.W. Christie
1997Kath McBride
1998Garth Houchen
1999Mike Stephen
2000Robert Arthur Dobson
2001Vilma Collins
2002Eric Michael Jackson
2003Norah Cooney
2004Marjorie E Moses
2005Peter G.E. Spencer.
2006Mary Ovens
2007Wendy Wall
2008Mike Findley
2009Brian Briggs
2010Ray Goddard
2011Olwyn Peters
2012Denise Bunn
2013Vic Jeffries
2014Carole Simms
2015Brenda Forster
2016Barry Hunt
2017Karen King
2018Dennis Teasdale
2019Billy Wells

The Redcar – Saltburn Border, Coast Road

Geotag Icon Show on map

Saltburn Urban District Council has existed since 1894, while Redcar only became a Borough in 1922, so this marker post must have been placed after that date. Neither have existed since the formation of the ‘County Borough of Teesside’ in 1968.

Redcar Saltburn Boundary

It may have been required to mark the boundary when the Coast Road was first opened in 1923, although this could be a later marker.

Coast Road opening.

St Peters Redcar, Foundation Stone

The foundation stone for St Peters in Redcar was laid on Monday 30th June 1823, with the events of the day being reported in detail in the Durham County Advertiser.

Durham County Advertiser 1823

I wonder if the ‘time-capsule’ of documents and coins is still inside the building, or whether it was disturbed by later changes, a rough translation of the Latin inscription is :-

The first stone is placed
Feast of St Peter 1823

King George IV Ruling
Edward Venables Vernon, Archbishop of York
Baron Lawrence Dundas, Lord of Manor
Joseph Harrison, Vicar

Fund raising and completion was a major a problem and the £1100 costs had become £2700 by it was finally finished in 1829.

This etching is said to date from 1826, so the church was incomplete at this point and it may have still been an impression of what it should look like.

1826 etching

Things to notice about this compared to St Peters today are that no clock is visible (this was added in 1835) and there are only 4 sets of windows at the side not 5 (the church was extended in 1848) and no Lady Chapel at the rear (built much later in 1926)

Redcar Rinkeries – Roller Skating Rink

This wonderful photograph from Redcar is regularly mis-identified as either Redcar Pier Ballroom or Coatham Pier (The Glasshouse / Regent Cinema)

Redcar Rinkeries

Fortunately, Fred Brunskill is in possession of a glass-plate negative which is labeled “Redcar Rinkeries” which gives us the clue to the actual location. An advert for Redcar Rinkeries is shown in the 1910 Bennetts Directory and gives the address as Redcar Lane

1910 Bennetts Directory

This Gazette article from May 1909 describes the opening day again with a location on Redcar Lane that is away from houses. The manager was T. B. Freeman and the building was erected by Henry McNaughton

Adverts for the Redcar Rinkeries appear throughout 1909, with Miss Jobbing named as the ladies instructor and special events with late trains arranged from Grangetown and South Bank.

However the Rinkeries don’t seem to have been a success, perhaps due to being quite a distance out of town at the time and there are no further mentions after 1910, due to the short-lived nature of the business, perhaps the people in the photograph include Mr Freeman and Miss Jobbing?

Historic mapping shows only one possible location. A large structure on Redcar Lane is shown on the 1913 map (marked in red) that wasn’t there in 1894. By 1927 it has been removed and replaced by 65-75 Redcar Lane. So the Rinkeries stood between the end of Ings Road and the Furlongs

Redcar Working Mens Unionist Club, 1926

Geotag Icon Show on map

Redcar Working Mens Unionist Club was opened by the Marquess of Zetland on the 11th August 1926. The “KT” indicates he was a member of “The Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle”

Dene Grove 1926

Also present that day were local MP at the time Sir Park Goff and Mr W. C. Fawcett

Lawrence Dundas, 1st Marquess of Zetland (16 August 1844 – 11 March 1929)
Sir Park Goff, 1st Bt, by Bassano Ltd - NPG x74944
Sir Park Goff, 1st Bt
by Bassano Ltd
whole-plate glass negative, 30 June 1920
NPG x74944
© National Portrait Gallery, London

Borough of Redcar Grate and Manhole Cover – Anderston Foundry

I don’t think it’s possible to stay any closer to home as this is outside my house and I had never noticed it. Most grates have been changed and modernised over the years, but I seem to have an original from the Borough of Redcar. The 1934 date ties in with the construction of my street in Redcar East.

Redcar Grate
Borough or Redcar 1934

Anderston Foundry was based in Glasgow, but expanded to Middlesbrough in 1874, being based at Port Clarence on the North bank of the Tees, next to the Transporter Bridge.

Anderston Foundary

A couple of steps further away is a Borough or Redcar manhole cover, presumable also an original from 1934, i’m going to hazard a guess that the central AFC logo is for the Anderston Foundry Company.

Redcar Manhole

East Cleveland Baptist Church 1928

The current travel restrictions mean i’ve been able to take a closer a look at things very close to home in a lot more detail.

East Cleveland Baptist Church

The East Cleveland Baptist Church has a large number of inscribed stones on the Stanley Grove side that I had never noticed before. Mr A R Doggart J.P is named as the President in 1928, so I suspect that’s the date the building was erected.

East Cleveland Baptist Church
Members of the Church Mrs M J Agar, Mr A R Doggart J.P President 1928

Arthur Robert Doggart was President of the Baptist Union at this time and remained so until his death in 1932. Doggarts owned a chain of department stores based in Bishop Auckland.

Arthur Robert Doggart
Doggarts 1917 advert
East Cleveland Baptist Church
Dr Wynne Williams, Alderman J Morland
Alderman J Morland, died in 1934
East Cleveland Baptist Church
Mrs McGregor, Mrs Hickson, Mrs S Foster, Mr T Potter, Mr J. W. Slack
East Cleveland Baptist Church
Miss Anderson, Miss Murray, Children of the Sunday School , (Angus Stewart ?)

Fortunately I have found a news report about the ceremony in which these stones were laid on Saturday 15 December 1928. The building cost £3170.

Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer – Monday 17 December 1928

Athina Livanos at Coatham 1937

The rocks and beach at Redcar have witnessed hundreds of shipwrecks and groundings over the years. So I took a gamble when I purchased an unlabelled photo album at a local auction, hoping that what I was looking at were previously unpublished photographs of one such incident.

Athina Livanos at Coatham 1937

With just the sea in the background, the only clue was some Greek writing visible on the back of the ship. “AΘHNA ΛIBANOY  XIOΣ” which after a little research I was able to translate as “Athina Livanos Chios”

Chios is the fifth largest Greek island and was the birthplace of Greek shipping magnate Stavros Livanos. The ship was named after Athina, his second daughter. Despite the Greek name and ownership, the Athina Livanos was a 4824 ton steamer built by Grays of Hartlepool with a yard number of 1065. The engines came from the Central Marine Engine Works which was also part of Grays. She was launched on 3rd September 1936 and completed during October 1936 at a cost of £75,000.

The beaching at Redcar which was near Tod Point took very soon afterwards on 28th February 1937. It was a major story at the time as a Pathe News clip exists of the incident at http://www.britishpathe.com/video/coatham

Athina Livanos at Coatham 1937

Athina Livanos was just one of a series of ships built by Grays for the Livanos Maritime Company. There were ships named Eugenie Livanos, Evi Livanos, G.S. Livanos, George M. Livanos, Mary Livanos, Michael Livanos and Theofano Livanos after other family members.

The Athina Livanos was lost on 29th November 1943 while carry coal from Lourenco Marques in Mozambique (now known as Maputo) to Beirut and Tripoli. She was torpedoed in the Gulf of Aden by the Japanese submarine I-27, nine sailors and two passengers lost the lives. Submarine I-27 was itself sunk in the Indian Ocean on 12th February 1944 by HMS Paladin and HMS Petard but not before it had attacked and sunk the SS Khedive Ismail killing 1,297 people.

The real-life Athina Livanos went on to be the first wife of shipping magnate Aristotle Onassis who later married Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy. Her second husband was John Spencer-Churchill, 11th Duke of Marlborough, cousin of Sir Winston Churchill. Her final husband, before her death in 1974, was another Greek shipping magnate Stavros Niarchos.

I originally wrote this article for the Evening Gazette back in July 2013.