Two boats from Whitby the Fishburn and the Golden Grove were part of the First Fleet that set out for Botany Bay in Australia on 13th May 1787, both arriving on 20th January 1788 (less that 8 years after the discovery by Captain Cook)
The fleet consisted of six convict transports carrying over 700 prisoners to the penal colony, three food and supply transports which included the Fishburn and Golden Grove, two Naval escorts the HMS Sirius and HMS Supply.
The plaque was unveiled by Sir Donald Barron on 25th June 1988 as part of the bicentenary.
This ceramic tile sign is outside W Hamond, which was established in 1860.
Although I’m not sure why its called ‘W Hamond’ when their own website states it was James Storr who actually opened the shop.
Jet workshops existed in the early 1800s, but there was a huge expansion in the 1850s after its appearence at the Great Exhibition and in the 1860s due to its strong association with Queen Victoria in mourning for Prince Albert.
This faded sign for Thomas Bryan Jet Merchant can still be seen above modern signs at the end of Baxtergate. The 1871 Census lists Thomas Bryan living here at 76 Baxtergate where an 1890s trade directory shows him based at 4 5 and 6 Princess Place with a Mrs. Margaret Bryan at 76 Baxtergate. So perhaps between those two dates.
A landslide occured immediately in front of Aelfleda Terrace on 27th November 2012, the 150-year-old former jetworkers’ cottages were very quickly demolished afterwards.
The heavy rain has provoked a further scare near Fortunes Kippers, here the same area viewed from Google Streetview before the collapse.
Little remains of Black Nab itself which will be completely lost to the sea at some point.
The site below the cliffs is now heavily eroded and covered but its location can be seen on the first edition OS maps.
The most promenant remains are those of a harbour / breakwater below the actual quarry site, the quarry is thought to have been in use between 1649 and 1791.
The highlight is a 1766 datestone which has somehow survived nearly 250 years on the beach.
In the cliff at this location are the ‘Smugglers Holes’ its not really clear whether these actually relate to smuggling, the alum works or possibly jet mining (although my local expert on that tells me they are in the wrong strata)
The remains of the alum house can be found at the edge of the beach and are being rapidly lost to erosion, what can be seen now is just the back wall of the structure.
Some remains still exist under the beach itself which were excavated by the Scarborough Archaeological and Historical Society. A circular stone cistern also remains just in front of the wall but I don’t have a photo as some holiday makers were using it as a seat at the time.
Saltwick Nab was a site of alum quarrying between 1650 and 1791, the red colouring indicates shale has been burned which is part of the alum making process.
An alum house existed in later years, although its though that initially the alum liquor was taken to South Shields for processing. The remains of a stone ramp exist on the shore, which may have been used to get carts on and off the Nab.
The flat area inland of the Nab has some remains of buildings and wooden pits, although the whole area has been so heavily eroded since it was worked its now difficult to interpret, it is however much more apparent on the first edition OS maps.
This windmill was built somewhere between 1861 and 1863 by George Burnett, the mill was 64ft tall with three storeys and had 4 sails which were apparently still in use until around 1915.
After this the mill fell into disuse and the upper stories were removed in 1960.
This natural spring is found just by the side of the road and features a lions head and the remains of a chain where a cup has been attached.
There are a number of plaques with some unusual inscriptions.
Man made the trough
The water God bestows
Then praise his name
From whom the blessing flows
Weary stranger here you see
An emblem of true charity
Richly my bounty I bestow
Made by a kindly hand to flow
And I have fresh supplies from heaven
For every cup of water given
The stream is pure as if from heaven it ran
And while I praise the Lord I’ll thank the man
The station opened on 3rd December 1883 as part of the Whitby, Redcar and Middlesbrough Union Railway
The line along the coast closed on 5th May 1958 although this station remained open as part of the Whitby to Scarborough line until it closed on 12th June 1961.
The station is now converted into houses and a bridge still stands over the abandoned tracks, which seems to have been adopted as someones garden above.