First Fleet Plaque, Whitby

Two boats from Whitby the Fishburn and the Golden Grove were part of the First Fleet that set out for Botany Bay in Australia on 13th May 1787, both arriving on 20th January 1788 (less that 8 years after the discovery by Captain Cook)

First Fleet, Whitby

The fleet consisted of six convict transports carrying over 700 prisoners to the penal colony, three food and supply transports which included the Fishburn and Golden Grove, two Naval escorts the HMS Sirius and HMS Supply.

The plaque was unveiled by Sir Donald Barron on 25th June 1988 as part of the bicentenary.

Thomas Bryan Jet Merchant, Whitby

Jet workshops existed in the early 1800s, but there was a huge expansion in the 1850s after its appearence at the Great Exhibition and in the 1860s due to its strong association with Queen Victoria in mourning for Prince Albert.
Thomas Bryan Jet, Whitby
This faded sign for Thomas Bryan Jet Merchant can still be seen above modern signs at the end of Baxtergate. The 1871 Census lists Thomas Bryan living here at 76 Baxtergate where an 1890s trade directory shows him based at 4 5 and 6 Princess Place with a Mrs. Margaret Bryan at 76 Baxtergate. So perhaps between those two dates.

Black Nab Alum Quarry – Saltwick Bay

Little remains of Black Nab itself which will be completely lost to the sea at some point.
Black Nab - Saltwick Bay
The site below the cliffs is now heavily eroded and covered but its location can be seen on the first edition OS maps.

The most promenant remains are those of a harbour / breakwater below the actual quarry site, the quarry is thought to have been in use between 1649 and 1791.
Breakwater Saltwick Bay
The highlight is a 1766 datestone which has somehow survived nearly 250 years on the beach.

1766 Datestone Saltwick Bay
In the cliff at this location are the ‘Smugglers Holes’ its not really clear whether these actually relate to smuggling, the alum works or possibly jet mining (although my local expert on that tells me they are in the wrong strata)
Saltwick Bay
Saltwick Bay

Saltwick Bay Alum House

The remains of the alum house can be found at the edge of the beach and are being rapidly lost to erosion, what can be seen now is just the back wall of the structure.
Saltwick Bay Alum House
Saltwick Bay Alum House
Saltwick Bay Alum House
Some remains still exist under the beach itself which were excavated by the Scarborough Archaeological and Historical Society. A circular stone cistern also remains just in front of the wall but I don’t have a photo as some holiday makers were using it as a seat at the time.

Saltwick Nab – Alum Quarry

Saltwick Nab was a site of alum quarrying between 1650 and 1791, the red colouring indicates shale has been burned which is part of the alum making process.
Saltwick Nab
Saltwick Nab

An alum house existed in later years, although its though that initially the alum liquor was  taken to South Shields for processing. The remains of a stone ramp exist on the shore, which may have been used to get carts on and off the Nab.
Ramp Saltwick Bay
Ramp Saltwick Bay
Ramp Saltwick Bay

The flat area inland of the Nab has some remains of buildings and wooden pits, although the whole area has been so heavily eroded since it was worked its now difficult to interpret, it is however much more apparent on the first edition OS maps.

Hempsyke Font near Whitby

This natural spring is found just by the side of the road and features a lions head and the remains of a chain where a cup has been attached.
Hempsyke Font near Whitby
There are a number of plaques with some unusual inscriptions.

Hempsyke Font near Whitby
Man made the trough
The water God bestows
Then praise his name
From whom the blessing flows

John Allan
Hempsyke 1856

Hempsyke Font near Whitby
Weary stranger here you see
An emblem of true charity
Richly my bounty I bestow
Made by a kindly hand to flow
And I have fresh supplies from heaven
For every cup of water given

John Allan
Hempsyke 1858

Hempsyke Font near Whitby
The stream is pure as if from heaven it ran
And while I praise the Lord I’ll thank the man
Tramp 1864

Whitby West Cliff Station

The station opened on 3rd December 1883 as part of the Whitby, Redcar and Middlesbrough Union Railway
The line along the coast closed on 5th May 1958 although this station remained open as part of the Whitby to Scarborough line until it closed on 12th June 1961.
Whitby West Cliff Station
The station is now converted into houses and a bridge still stands over the abandoned tracks, which seems to have been adopted as someones garden above.
Whitby West Cliff Station