Skelton Community Mosaic

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This mosaic was installed in September 2017 as part of the Skelton Townscape Heritage Project 

It was researched, designed and produced by the combined efforts of Skelton Villages Civic Pride, Redcar & Cleveland Council’s Community Development staff, the Skelton History Group, pupils at Skelton Primary School and Community artists Helen Jane Gaunt and Derek Mosey.

Skelton Through The Ages 1086 – 2017

      • 1086: The Domesday Book records the manor of Skelton
      • Arms of de Brus: Robert de Brus built the first castle in 12th Century
      • Skelton Castle: building the present castle began in 1788
      • Medieval agriculture: farming was an important part of village life for centuries
      • The old Parish Church: built 1785/86 on the foundations of the 13th Century church
      • A miner and his lamp: the ironstone mining boom in Skelton began in the 1860s

    Skelton Mosaic

    • The High Street and a new Parish Church followed in the 1870s and 1880s
    • A Cleveland Bay horse, England’s oldest breed, pulling a milk cart
    • A Swift flying overhead: their screams are a typical sound of summer
    • The War Memorial: commemorating the dead of two World Wars
    • The Cleveland Way: opened in May 1969
    • The Whipping Post: public punishment on the village green

    Skelton Mosaic

    • Ringrose Community Orchard: a new development, the heritage of the future
    • Children dance round the Maypole in front of the old Infants’ School
    • A sword dancer performing the Long Sword dance
    • 2017 – Planted tubs and a new tree reflect the latest changes

    Skelton Mosaic

Wednesday 21st March – Coal, Quakers, Railways & Ironstone

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Skelton History Group
Wednesday 21st March – Coal, Quakers, Railways & Ironstone

Distance: 3½ miles; Ascent 450ft; Duration: 3½-4 hours Meet at 10:30am outside Skelton Library, on Coniston Road, Skelton. The season opens with a circular walk that takes in Skelton, North Skelton and Hollybush. The heritage comes thick and fast: Frank Wild, Antarctic explorer; the lands of Robert de Brus; medieval trackways; Skelton’s coal mines; the Quaker burial ground; the last ironstone mine to close, at North Skelton; the railway station at North Skelton, and the Longacre ironstone mine.

The pace of the walks is leisurely, with regular stops to admire the view (especially when going uphill!) and to hear about the heritage around us.

A charge of £2 per person will be made on each walk to offset the costs of Insurance. Please wear appropriate footwear and have clothing suitable for the likely weather conditions on that day. It is suggested that you bring food and drink as we usually stop between midday and 1:00pm for a lunch break.

Further details can be had from: skeltonhistorygroup@gmail.com or by contacting Peter Appleton (Tel: 01287 281752)

North Skelton Miners Payslip

Theres lots of information held within this payslip that Gavin Brett shared, theres quite a bit thats difficult to read so I will add to this over time.

Dorman Long and Co. North Skelton Mines, 9th November 1935.
The payslip is for two people, G Thornton and  (J Barnet ?) suggesting they were working as a team, probably one breaking the rock and one filling the tubs.
Their token number is 163, this would allow the weighman to record the stone extracted by them at surface.
received_955300857933597

They only worked 1.5 days and extracted over 29 tons of ironstone and a small amount of sulphur (this sits in a thin band at the top of the ironstone)

Theres a small amount paid for a consideration I can’t read.

The district percentage might apply if a certain area was more difficult to work than other parts of the mine.

8% piecework award, not sure yet.

Yards I suspect would be for driving passages through unproductive ground.
received_955300887933594
They are paying for their own blasting powder, its not provided.

The checkweightmans fund it most likely to pay for an impartial individual to confirm that the mine owners internal weighman is not underpaying the miners.

Northumberland and Durham Miners Permanent Relief Fund Friendly Society – Established in 1862, following the Hartley Pit Disaster, for provision of relief to miners and their families in case of fatal accidents or permanent disablement. The fund was wound up in 1995.

received_955300851266931

The amount earned is equivalent to about £90 today, so not much for 1.5 days work by two people

Frank Wild Statue, Antarctic Explorer, Skelton

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Commander John Robert Francis “Frank” Wild CBE RNVR FRGS was born in Skelton in 1873.

Quoting Wikipedia :-

Frank Wild took part in the following Antarctic expeditions:

In 1901 he was a member of Robert Falcon Scott’s crew as an Able seaman on the Discovery, along with Ernest Shackleton who was then a sub-lieutenant.
He was with Shackleton on the Nimrod Expedition 1908–1909 and was a member of the team that crossed the Ross Barrier and Beardmore Glacier at a record latitude of 88º23’S.
In 1911 he joined Douglas Mawson’s Aurora expedition and was in charge of the western base on the Shackleton Ice Shelf.
He served as Shackleton’s second-in-command on Shackleton’s Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition (1914–1916).
He was second-in-command of the Shackleton–Rowett Expedition (1921–22).

Frank Wild was also awarded the ‘Polar Medal with Four Clasps’

On 29 September 2016 this statue by sculptor William Harling was unveiled in the Ringrose Orchard by Mr Anthony Wharton.

Frank Wild Statue, Skelton

Frank Wild, Antarctic explorer.

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John Robert Francis Wild was born on the 10th of April 1873 in Skelton.

Wikipedia informs us :-

In 1901 he was a member of Robert Falcon Scott’s crew as an Able seaman on the Discovery, along with Ernest Shackleton who was then a sub-lieutenant.
He was with Shackleton on the Nimrod Expedition 1908–1909 and was a member of the team that crossed the Ross Barrier and Beardmore Glacier at a record latitude of 88º23’S.
In 1911 he joined Douglas Mawson’s Aurora expedition and was in charge of the western base on the Shackleton Ice Shelf.
He served as Shackleton’s second-in-command on Shackleton’s Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition (1914–1916).
He was second-in-command of the Shackleton–Rowett Expedition (1921–22).

A more extensive biography and photos can be found here

Frank Wild

I was always doomed to failure, trying to get a decent photo of something behind glass in a well lit building.

Skelton Mill

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A corn mill has been recorded in Skelton since as early as 1272 although these buildings probably date from the 19th century. Only the building without the roof was actually the mill
Skelton Mill
Skelton Mill
The mill was still being used to generate electricity rather than mill corn when it was hit by a Germany bomb on 15th or 16th April 1942 (sources vary)

The remains were reduced in 1965 to allow for the widening of the road as it now goes right through the location of the mill.

The two historical images above come from Bill Danbys excellent Skelton History pages.

Skelton Ghostsign – Thubrons Wine and Spirits

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Would anyone like to have a go at deciphering this one ? Paint has stayed on the sandstone parts but completely gone from the bricks (or they could be a later replacement)
Ghostsign Skelton
I think it says “Wines and Spirits” at the bottom with the initials “W. A.”

Dave Walsh has discovered there was a Wine and Spirits merchant called “James Thompson Wood” living at this house in the 1901 census.

Bill Danby has come up with the following which certainly seems to fit sign.

From an immediate search of my website, the Parish Rate book of 1913 shows that the premises 5-7 High St were still occupied by James T Wood and owned by James Thompson. Rates were 13s 5d [about 67p] The Directory for 1937 shows that the shop was still a wine and spirit merchant, but now occupied by William Thubron.
In the 1940’s it was still Thubron’s and I would say the bottom half of the remaining letters look more like THUBRON than Wood or Dowson as suggested on your webpages.
I can personally vouch for the existence of this shop, as when I was aged about 9 in 1949, I went carol singing with my mate Maurice Ward. With the amazing 7 shillings earnings for sacred songs, we bought a bottle of port at Thubron’s and downed it between us and therefore had our very first hangovers. Did not stop us boozing though.
From memory Thubrons also had a shop in Manless Terrace, Skelton Green.
I cannot say when the businesses ceased to trade.

Old All Saints Church, Skelton

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All Saints in Skelton was built in 1785 by John Hall-Stevenson although it incorporates parts of an older church on the site which it replaced.
All Saints Skelton
The church became redundant in 1884 when the new church was constructed on the High Street where the font and one of the bells were moved to.
All Saints Skelton
All Saints Skelton
The church is currently in the care of the Churches Conservation Trust
All Saints Skelton
Inside there is an interesting memorial to the Trotter Family of Skelton Castle, giving a short family history of John Trotter who died in 1701 and his wife Elizabeth who dies in 1726.
All Saints Skelton
Also John Calvert from 1705 who its recorded left money to provide for the poor in Moorsholm.
All Saints Skelton

Lutenist Peter Lagan will be playing for visitors to the church from 12pm on Saturday 1st September 2012.

Rushpool Hall

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Rushpool Hall has very strong links to the ironstone industry, especially as it is built from main seam ironstone from the Skelton Shaft mine, for John Bell of the Bell Brothers company between 1862 and 1865. After Bells death in 1888 another ironmaster Sir Arthur Dorman of Dorman Long lived in the house.
Rushpool Hall
Rushpool Hall
The hall was nearly destroyed by fire on 20th February 1904 after which it was renovated and lived in by Sir Joseph Walton, colliery owner and MP.

In later years it became a boarding school in the 1940s and switched to its current role as a hotel in 1986 (thanks to Callum for the update in the comments)